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  • Dear Readers!

    There are some things in life that are unavoidable simply because it is impossible to foresee them. Other things though could have been prevented if those involved had been perhaps a little more mindful and taken that all important look ahead. Would the Titanic have hit the iceberg at full speed, if Captain Smith and his crew had seen the ice before it was too late? Very unlikely. They had received ice warnings but the ocean was calm and everyone was fine on board the ship. The majority of the passengers were in good spirits – right up until the collision happened. We humans are in a pretty similar position in the 21st Century. We have received warnings about the impending effects of climate change and we have been told that supplies of natural resources are already running low – and yet we are still sailing at full speed towards a head-on collision. Despite the fact that the UN recently officially confirmed that the world’s population will have reached 10 billion people by 2050. 10 billion who will all want to live as comfortably as we Europeans already do today with our 22-tonne consumption of raw materials per capita per year. China, for example, currently only consumes 11 tonnes per person per year. We continue, for the most part, to turn a blind eye to the fact that our planet simply does not have enough raw materials for such a scenario and – even if there are sufficient supplies of some materials – it would not be particularly smart to continue to mine and consume them in such large quantities if the problems of climate change are to be overcome. 

    Maybe human nature lies at the root of the problem. Our lives run in a straight line – from when they begin, to when they end. Linear thinking is in our genes so to speak. And this is precisely how we have always developed and made our products since we used the very first axe. From the idea at the beginning, to using the product, all the way through to the final moment when the product is broken and can no longer be used. There is no afterwards. If a sustainable economy is to be created, however, it is high time that this line is transformed into a circle.

    Practicable solutions to solving our supply problems have been around for a long while now. All around the world, people have been carrying out research work to find new technologies and better systems to enable raw materials to be recovered so that they can be reused. Recycling must finally do what its name implies, i.e. create loops so that all raw materials can be returned to production cycles. Economic growth and the consumption of raw materials must become separate from one another. A few major steps must be taken before that is possible though. Firstly, an ecodesign directive needs to be introduced across Europe that not only places importance on energy efficiency (as is the case at the moment) but also on raw material efficiency and the recyclability of products. Secondly, far more money needs to be invested in researching, developing and setting up more and better sorting and recycling facilities to ensure the recovered raw materials are of the highest possible quality. And thirdly, politicians need to create incentives to encourage industrial businesses to use more recycled raw materials in their production processes. Digitalisation and e-mobility, in particular, need huge volumes of raw materials. The most environmentally friendly source – one that also allows us to remain independent – is recycled raw materials.

    Our steamship is still more or less intact but it continues to sail towards a head-on collision with Mother Nature. It is not too late to change course, though, if we reach the right conclusions and take some mindful and far-sighted steps towards more and better recycling. There are plenty of reasons to be optimistic – quite a few of which can be found in this issue. 


    Ludger Rethmann

Old paper is a valuable raw material

Both households and commercial businesses generate huge volumes of old paper, card and cardboard every single day. These three material streams – simply known as old paper – can be used to make a valuable recycled raw material which is perfect for manufacturing new paper and cardboard products. Systematically using these sustainable recycled paper products not only helps conserve the primary raw material, wood, it also helps protect the environment and combat climate change.

Every tree counts

  • Forests fulfil a vital function all around the world – producing oxygen and reducing greenhouse gases. It is, therefore, simply not sustainable for every one in five trees felled to be used to produce paper.

Paper can be recycled several times

One alternative to cutting down our forests is to use envir-onmentally friendly recycled paper. Up to 100 percent of recycled paper can be made using old paper, as paper fibres can, on average, be recycled up to six times. Far less energy and water are needed to produce recycled paper compared to the production of paper from fresh pulp. Other benefits: fewer carbon emissions, fewer chemicals and fewer pollutants in the wastewater. These significant ecological and economic advantages have led to old paper becoming the most important raw material for manufacturing paper and cardboard in Germany. The country has a network of so-phisticated collection and recycling schemes in place – not least thanks to REMONDIS’ extensive operations in this area. Many other countries, however, have yet to set up the systems needed to enable them to make the most of their old paper.

    A comparison of the environmental impact of recycled paper & virgin fibre paper

    • Recycled paper (1kg = 1.2kg old paper)

      • Wood: –
      • Water: 10 to 20l
      • Energy: 1 to 3 kWh
      • Wastewater pollution (COD): 2 to 5g
    • Virgin fibre paper

      • Wood: 2.2 to 2.5kg
      • Water: 30 to 100l
      • Energy: 3 to 6 kWh
      • Wastewater pollution (COD): 5 to 50g

Eleven paper sorting plants

  • Our network of plants and facilities includes eleven modern paper sorting plants, some of which are able to handle 120,000 tonnes of paper, card and cardboard every year. The company’s facilities separate and pack the material into around 100 different categories of old paper.

Paper recycling – what needs to be done?

  • The following measures would enable more raw materials to be recovered:

    • Further expanding paper collection schemes
    • Encouraging consumers to choose products made with high amounts of old paper
    • Systematically increasing the amount of old paper used in paper production
    • Creating framework conditions to promote paper recycling & the use of old paper
    • Setting high recycling targets for the whole of Europe – sooner rather than late

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